The branches grow in a unique zigzag pattern. Trees that don’t get enough water also become susceptible to pest infestations and diseases. If you have enough room for this tree in your yard, it can provide you with plenty of shade during the summer. American sycamores (Platanus occidentalis) grow naturally in the southeast and lower midwest; California sycamores (Platanus Racemosa) like a warmer climate and are native to large parts of California south to Mexico. Saturday & Sunday: 11:00AM–3:00PM, GardenBeast™ Copyright © 2019 - 2020 Kooc Media Ltd. All rights reserved. The cankers appear on the trunk and the branches. Other common pests and diseases affecting sycamore trees are the following. UK, Hours Dig a hole about twice the size of the root ball and place your tree in the middle of the hole. Keep the soil moist with deep waterings for the first few months. Our family owned nursery takes great pride in the quality of each plant. American sycamores (Platanus occidentalis) grow naturally in … Pruning the large leading branches of your sycamore helps you build a robust framework for the tree as it matures. Remove only the dead branches and any diseased limbs from the tree. Two species of the broad, spreading sycamore trees are native to the United States. Sycamores leaves are alternate (a single leaf is attached at each node) in arrangement while maples are opposite (two leaves are paired together at each node. After digging the hole for the root ball, line it with some compost to improve the nutrition to the roots as the tree establishes its root system. This tree can easily live 200 years. The Germination Time of Cabbage Tree Seeds. London plane tree (Platanus x Acerifolia, sometimes called Platanus hybrid or Platanus x hispanica) is a hybrid cross between the American sycamore and the Oriental planetree (Platanus orientalis). Sycamores are easy trees to propagate from hardwood cuttings, and they’re easy to grow. The most common disease threatening sycamores all over the east coast is Anthracnose. However, these trees are susceptible to disease, and without the right care and planting, it might not achieve its full potential. They share the distinctive mottled bark of American sycamores and superficially resemble them. What Americans call sycamores, Europeans call plane trees; the hybrid London plane tree (Platanus x Acerifolia) is frequently planted in the United States, growing in zones similar to the American sycamore. Tips for planting and caring for your the American Sycamore tree. It has a pyramidal form in youth but develops a spreading, rounded and irregular crown with age. You can grow American sycamores outside their natural range, but they evolved in areas with hot, humid summers. It is difficult to tell the difference between a London plane tree and the American sycamore. What are the Pests and Diseases Affecting Sycamore Trees? The growth rate of American Sycamores is 3 to 6 feet per year. Sycamore, Planetree (Platanus) This genus is known as sycamore in the United States and planetree almost everywhere else. It got its common name from London, where it was a widely planted street tree in the 17th century. Registered Company No.05695741 Online Resource for Backyards & Gardens. Sycamores grow in full sun and any soil, even tolerating wet areas. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The sycamores size makes it the ideal tree for estates and homes with large yards. If the ground is digable you can plant in winter. Thinning out the leaders helps to prevent the canopy of the tree from getting too dense. GardenBeast is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to If you live in the far northern states, you’ll need to prepare young trees to make it through the wintertime. This will help the roots establish quickly and grow deeply. Prune the leaders to a shape that has two of the main leaders. Alabama Arkansas Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Iowa Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Maine Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Missouri Mississippi Nebraska North Carolina New Hampshire New Jersey New York Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Tennessee Virginia Vermont West Virginia Wisconsin. These adaptable and hardy shade trees have a very long life expectancy. In this guide, we’ll give you everything you need to know about growing sycamore trees. Sycamore trees prefer growing in fertile soil with excellent drainage. Where Can I Buy an American Sycamore Tree? If needed prune your tree when it is dormant in winter or early spring. However, young sycamores take a few seasons to adjust to cold weather conditions, especially if you get them from a nursery. International House, They provide food for the larvae of the western tiger swallowtail butterfly and provide food and nesting for hummingbirds, red-tailed hawks, woodpeckers and other birds. Feed this shade tree when planting and in early spring with a slow release fertilizer . It’s for this reason that the tree is more common in the Eastern states, due to the higher rates of rainfall in this area. It will tolerate compacted soil, poor drainage and drought and is widely planted as a shade tree or residential street tree in urban areas (See Reference 1). Ensure that the soil drains well, as waterlogging the roots results in the onset of root rot that kills the tree. It’s easy to spot a sycamore, as they have a distinctive maple-look to the large, light-green leaves. American sycamore grows 75 to 90 feet high, spreading from 50 to 75 feet wide. She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online. They also house food and nesting sites for birds including red-tailed hawks, woodpeckers, and hummingbirds. Spread the mulch out to the edge of the tree line and then wrap burlap around the tree when the snow starts to fall. Sycamores prefer acidic soils, but they are tolerant of a range of soil types, from clay to sand. The tree also has aggressive roots, so avoid planting it next to patios, driveways or walls. We may get paid if you buy something or take an action after clicking one of these. The main leaders grow directly from the trunk, and pruning helps the tree grow up healthy. What Type of Soil Is Needed for Maple Trees? Trim back the other branches that start to grow in the next 2-years, removing any new leaders. Full Sun or Shade for a Crimson Queen Maple. It naturally forms hybrid combinations with American sycamore and the California sycamore. The tree also likes to drop twigs throughout the year. Dig a hole about twice the size of the root ball and place your tree in the middle of the hole. The sycamore found in the United Kingdom is a type of maple tree. The trees develop robust root systems that anchor them to the ground, preventing them from toppling over in high winds. It is one of the fastest growing shade trees. When the weather starts to turn cold, spread a 2-inch layer of mulch around the base of the tree. It’s common for the roots to break above the ground, and that why homeowners should never plant them next to driveways or walls. However, they also need a decent amount of water to survive. Hollie has written for a number of publications and is now the resident garden blogger here at GardenBeast. 16. If you have heavy rains, then check the tree for signs of mold and disease when the weather clears. Put about 2 inches of mulch around your new American Sycamore Tree to reduce watering needs, keep weeds at bay, and protect the roots.

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